In the case of minor sprains the treatment generally consists of:
- Rest – immobilise the limb with a splint or sling
- Ice – apply ice in 20-minute intervals taking care not to apply ice directly to the skin.
- Compression – light compression may provide support and help reduce swelling
- Elevate – to help reduce swelling
Once the pain has improved a physiotherapy program can commence. If the pain and swelling does not subside, or you experience numbness or tingling in your fingers you should seek early medical advice.
In the case of a wrist fracture the surgeon will determine whether surgery is required depending on the position of the bony fragments. When the bones are not aligned or the broken part of the bone has pierced the skin, surgery will be required to realign the bones. The bones are most commonly fixed in place with metal plates and screws and your arm will be immobilised in a cast or splint. for up to 6 weeks depending on the fracture type and surgery. You may also need a course of physiotherapy.